Online Slag and Bullion Analysis by LIBS

LIBS in Molten Metal

During the operation of pyrometallurgical processes, it is difficult to take samples because of the high temperatures and process complexity. A good knowledge of the composition of the process phases, however, would strongly improve the process control (energy consumption, metal recovery, metal grade, etc.)  The objective of this project is to explore the accuracy and robustness of LIBS for online slag and bullion analysis.