Black inventors were not always credited for their work, however, in 1913, an assistant examiner at the United States Patent Office did publish a list of black inventors.
A few other of the many Black innovators are listed below:
1798 – James Forten, Sr. – Sail Handling device.
1821 – Thomas L. Jennings – Dry-Cleaning process (credited with being first
Black to receive a patent).
1843 – Norbert Rillieux – Multiple Evaporation System for the production of sugar.
1883 – Humpfrey H. Reynolds – Improved Window Ventilator
for railroad cars.
1884 – Granville T. Woods – Improved Telephone Transmitter.
Pre-1890 – Ellen Eglin – clothes wringer.
1916 – Madeline M. Turner – Fruit Press.
Sources (these and many other sources relative to Black hisory are available in the Gordon Library Collection):
Black Firsts by Jessie Carney Smith with Casper L. Jordan & Robert Johns, foreword by Johnneta B. Cole; c. 1994 by Visible Ink Press.
Created Equal: the lives and ideas of Black American Innovators by James Michael Brodie, c.1993 by William Morrow and Company, Inc.