Project Resources

WPI Initiation Site Development Team 2010 Proposal [pd, 2.59MB]

WPI Initiation Site Development Team 2010 COCT Appendix [pdf]


Afolayan, F. (2004). Life transition rituals: Initiation into adulthood. Culture and customs of south africa (pp. 216). Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.

Barnes, C. (16 August, 2010). Initiation school sets benchmark: Langa school has recorded no deaths since it opened in the 1930’s. The Cape Argus,

Bottoman, B., Mavundla, T. R., & Toth, F. (2009). Peri-rite psychological issues faced by newly initiated traditionally circumcised south african xhosa men. Journal of Men’s Health, 6(1), 28-35. doi:DOI: 10.1016/j.jomh.2008.09.008

Carstens, P. (1982). The socio-economic context of initiation ceremonies among two southern african peoples. Canadian Journal of African Studies, 16(3), 505-522.  Retrieved from

Cauvin, H. E. (1986, 08/06). South Africa: A Web of Dogma and Abantuism. The New York Times, pp. 6.

Central Intelligence Agency. (2010). The world factbook. Retrieved 10/03, 2010, from

Davids, N., Nomembe Philani, & Ferreira, A. (2009, The west seems best when east has less. Sunday Times,

Department of Cultural Affairs and Sport. Initiation school sets benchmark.

GRoce, N., Mawar, N., & Macnamara, M. (2006). Inclusion of AIDS educational messages in rites of passage ceremonies: Reaching young people in abantu communities. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 8(4), 09/01/2010-303-315.  Retrieved from

Horner, B. (2006, 07/30). End of boyhood – at 65 years old. Sunday Times, pp. 29. Retrieved from

Interview(Sep 29th 2010).

Karl Peltzer. (2008). Evaluation of a safer male circumcision training programme for traditional surgeons and nurses in the eastern cape, south africa. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med, 5(4), 346-354.

Kepe, T. (2010). Secrets that kill: Crisis, custodianship and responsibility in ritual male circumcision in the eastern cape province, south africa. Social Science & Medicine, 70(5), 729-735. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.11.016

Lagarde, E., Dirk, T., Puren, A., Reathe, R., & Bertran, A. (2003). Acceptability of male circumcision as a tool for preventing HIV infection in a highly infected community in south africa. AIDS, 17, 89.

Lauren Alex, Jessy Cusack, Augustina Mills, Alejandro Sosa. Sustainable solutions for the development of an eco-village in monwabisi park, cape (Student Report)

Mavundla, T. R., Netswera, F. G., & Toth, F. (2009). Rationalization of indigenous male circumcision as a sacred religious custom. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 4, 09/01/2010-395-404.

Mavundla, T., Netswera, F., Bottoman, B., & Toth, F. (2009). Social pressure, stigma and marginalization: Experiences of recently ritually circumcised xhosa men in east london, south africa. Journal of Men’s Health, 6(3), 264-264. doi:DOI: 10.1016/j.jomh.2009.08.145

Mavundla, T. T. R. (2010). How boys become dogs: Stigmatization and marginalization of uninitiated xhosa males in east london, south africa. Qualitative Health Research, 20(7), 931-941.

Meissner, O. (2007). Traditional male circumcision in the eastern cape-scourge or blessing? South African Medical Journal, 97(5), 371.

Minutes of the city of cape town inaugural initiation indaba held at fountain hotel (2009). City of Cape Town.

Moodie, G. & Mgamboto, S. (2004, February 29 2004). Circumcision village a traditional no-no. Sunday Times (South Africa), pp. 8.

Momoti, Ndyebo Kingsworth (2002, September 2002).  Law and Culture in the new constitutional dispensation with specific reference to the custom of Circumcision as practised in the Eastern Cape.  Rhodes University, Grahamstown, Master of Laws

Mtyala, Q. October 23, 2009). City earmarks 11 sites for initiation, puts rules in place. Cape Times,

Mtyala, Q. (2007, October 31, 2007). Move to give city initiation schools formal status. Cape Times,

National Geographic (Producer), & National Geographic (Director). (, February 17 2009). Male circumcision. [Video/DVD]

Ngwane, Z. (2001). ‘Real men reawaken their fathers’ homesteads, the educated leave them in ruins’: The politics of domestic reproduction in post-apartheid rural south africa. Journal of Religion in Africa, 31(4), 402-426.  Retrieved from

Paton, C. (2010, EASTERN CAPE. stuck in the middle. Financial Mail,

Peltzer, K., Nqeketo, A., Petros, G., & Kanta, X. (2008). Traditional circumcision during manhood initiation rituals in the eastern cape, south africa: A pre-post intervention evaluation. BMC Public Health, 8, 64. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-64

Piliso, S. (2009, July 19). Circumcision horror. Sunday Times (South Africa),

Roselle Le Roux, Daniel Jan Hendrik Niehaus,Liezl Koen. (2007). Initiation rites as a perceived stressor for isixhosa males with schizophrenia. Transcultural Psychiatry, 44(4), 292.

Silverman, E. K. (2004). Anthropology and circumcision. Annual Review of Anthropology, 33, pp. 419-445.  Retrieved from

Tasiran, A., & Coetzee, C. The determinants of perceived health and labour force participation of people with HIV/AIDS in khayelitsha, south africa.  Retrieved from

van Dijk, D. (2002). In van Driel D. F. (Ed.), A study on gender, adolescents and sexual behaviour in relation to HIV in south africa. University of Nijmegen: CIDIN / Development Studies.

Vincent, L. L. (2008). ‘Boys will be boys’: Traditional xhosa male circumcision, HIV and sexual socialisation in contemporary south africa. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 10(5), 431-446.

Yu, D., & Nieftagodien, S. (2008). Poverty and migration: Evidence from Khayelitsha/Mitchell’s plain area. South African Labour and Development Research Unit, (11)  Retrieved from