References and Acknowledgements


CORC. (2013). About Us.   Retrieved 09/13

Gontsana, M.-A. (August 14, 2013). Cape Town’s Informal Settlements keep growing. GroundUp. 2013, from

Jiusto, S. Shared Action Learning Project Development. Worcester Polytechnic Institute.

La Trobe, M. (2012). Enviro Loo. from

Lamb, S. (2013). Touching the Earth Lightly. from

Muller, M. (2008). Free Basic water – a sustainable instrument for a sustainable future in South Africa. Environment and Urbanization, 20(1), 67-87.

Muniz, E. (2013). A Proposed Sustainable Sanitation System for the Zwelitsha section of Langrug Informal Settlement in Stellenbosch Municipality South Africa (pp. 1 electronic file (85 leaves ill.)).  Retrieved from

Tissington, K. (2011). Basic Sanitation in South Africa: A Guide to Legislation, Policy and Practice. South Africa: Socio-Economic Rights Institute of South Africa.

Venegas, J. M., Rookey, R. A., Brooks, S. E., Nichols, B. T., MacDonald, C. E., Dempsey, M. E., . . . Hersh, R. (2013). Laying the Foundation for a Resilient Partnership — Innovative Upgrading in the Informal Settlement of Langrug Urban and Environmental Planning (pp. leaves col. ill. 28 cm.).  Retrieved from



Zwelitsha co-researchers: Siya, Washington, Noncedo, and Funeka

CORC: Olwethu Jack, Adi Kumar, Baraka Mwau, and Sizwe Mxobo

Langrug WaSH facility caretakers: Victoria, Poto, and Tahembisa

Enviro Loo: Shaun Andreasen, Garry McKenna, and Mark La Trobe

Langrug community leaders: Trevor Masiy and Alfred Ratana

Langrug community

The Municipality of Stellenbosch